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40 Bread Recipes from Around the World

Baking homemade bread is universal across cuisines, but every culture has its own specialties. From naan to focaccia, try these bread recipes from around the world.  

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Eastern Europe: Chocolate Babka

You’ll find many variations of this sweet, twisted bread in Eastern European and Jewish bakeries. This version is made with dark chocolate, orange and cinnamon. It might look complicated, but it’s truly easy to get those great swirls—here’s how to make babka.

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Middle East: Pita Bread

A common yeasted flatbread across the Middle East, pita bread is known for its pockets, which form when the bread rises quickly in a hot oven. Serve it warm dipped in homemade hummus or stuffed with falafel. Here’s how to make pita bread step by step.
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Italy: Focaccia

Focaccia is rustic, all-purpose bread from Italy. You can use it as sandwich bread or serve it as a side dish. It’s often heavily herbed and its texture can absorb copious amounts of olive oil. For another variation, try this Olive Focaccia.
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India: Naan

One of the most popular types of Indian bread, naan is a flatbread traditionally made with all-purpose flour, as well as milk or yogurt, and brushed with butter or ghee. This coconut garlic naan recipe uses whole-wheat flour and is brushed with coconut oil for a slightly healthier take on the recipe. For a more authentic version, here’s how to make naan the traditional way.
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Baguettes 021921 TohLauren Habermehl for Taste of Home

France: Baguette

Of all of the many types of French bread, baguettes are one of the most well known. Not to be confused with French loaves, which are wider, baguettes are long and thin. Eat them on their own dipped in olive oil or slathered with butter, or use them in these recipes that start with a baguette.

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Mexico: Conchas

Conchas are a type of Mexican sweet bread that come in a variety of colors and shapes. They have fluffy, brioche-like dough and a crispy streusel topping that’s scored to resemble a shell. Eat conchas for breakfast or a snack, and then try these other sweet bread recipes.
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Germany: Stollen

This Christmas bread from Germany is packed with nuts, candied fruit and spices. Add on a glaze or a sprinkling of powdered sugar and it’s practically dessert! For another variation, try this marzipan stollen recipe.
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A bowl of pao de queijo, Brazilian cheese bread.Courtesy of Aline Shaw

Brazil: Pão de Queijo

Pão de queijo, or Brazilian cheese bread, are rolls made with tapioca flour. As Brazilian food blogger Aline Shaw of Brazilian Kitchen Abroad writes in her pão de queijo recipe, the rolls are designed to be “lightly crunchy on the outside, soft and chewy on the inside.” They make a great snack, appetizer, breakfast or side dish.

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Homemade flatbread made form mashed potatoes.siims/gettyimages

Norway: Lefse

Lefse is a Norwegian potato flatbread that’s traditionally eaten around Christmastime. Serve it topped with butter and jelly, cinnamon and sugar, or deli meat and cheese.

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A loaf of Filipino purple ube bread.Rezel Kealoha for Taste of Home

Philippines: Ube Bread

Ube bread is a type of filled bread (similar to a cinnamon roll or pinwheel bread) that’s stuffed with ube, a purple yam originally from the Philippines. This ube bread recipe is both a milk bread and a yeast bread.

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Two arepas on a grill.Lis Hernandez for Taste of Home

Venezuela: Arepas

Arepas are cornmeal-based breads that are often stuffed with meat and vegetables to make a sandwich. They’re also popular in other South American countries, and you can either grill or bake them. Check out these other sandwiches from around the world.

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A plate of Ethiopian injera, a spongy, fermented bread.Artush/Getty Images

Ethiopia: Injera

Injera is a spongy, fermented flatbread that’s used in place of silverware to scoop up dishes from stews to meat. It’s usually made with teff, a gluten-free whole grain that’s loaded with nutrients. To make it at home, try this recipe from food blogger Imma Adamu of Immaculate Bites. Check out these other gluten-free bread recipes, too.

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Hungary: Beigli

A beigli is a Hungarian sweet roll filled with either nuts or seeds. The stuffed brioche-like dough is a traditional Christmas treat for many folks with Central European heritage. Try these other classic Hungarian recipes.
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Finland: Pulla

Pulla is Finnish sweet bread that’s often braided and always scented with the enticing aroma of cardamom, making it perfect for a teatime treat. If you like this recipe, check out these other beautiful braided bread recipes.
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United States: Fry Bread

Originating from the Native Americans of the southwest, fry bread is a flat disc of dough fried in oil or lard. You can eat it plain with butter and honey, or pile it with taco toppings.
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A pile of freshly baked Armenian lavash bread.Lenorlux/Getty Images

Armenia: Lavash

Lavash is a type of flatbread that’s popular in Armenia as well as other nearby countries. (It’s also the name of one of our favorite cookbooks from around the world.) This lavash recipe from food blogger and cookbook author Hilda Sterner of Hilda’s Kitchen Blog includes directions to make lavash with or without yeast.

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United Kingdom: Hot Cross Buns

These buns are filled with dried fruit and topped with a bit of icing. Traditionally they are served on Good Friday, but they are delicious enough to enjoy all year.
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Ireland: Soda Bread

Irish soda bread is unique in that it is leavened only with baking soda. Traditionally, no yeast was used and it was as basic as could be. These days, you can find Irish soda bread recipes with additions like cheese, dried fruits, herbs and seeds.
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Japanese Milk Bread recipeRezel Kealoha for Taste of Home

Japan: Milk Bread

Japanese milk bread, also known as Hokkaido milk bread or shokupan, is a fluffy white bread often made with a starter technique called tangzhong. This recipe comes from recipe developer Rezel Kealoha. Rezel recommends eating Japanese milk bread with homemade jam and butter when it’s warm and fresh, but it’s also popular with egg salad!

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Slovenia: Poteca

Poteca, sometimes spelled potica or povitica, is an Eastern European yeast-based pastry filled and layered with a sweet nut mixture. It can be round, shaped or in a loaf. Any way you slice it, it’s delicious.
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Poland: Bagels

Bagels are distinctive breads in that they’re boiled before they’re baked (much like pretzels). They hail from the Jewish communities in Poland, and while they’re perfectly delicious plain, it’s hard to pass up a schmear of cream cheese. Here’s how to make homemade bagels.
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Sweden: Limpa

Limpa bread is a Swedish rye bread flavored with orange, and fennel or anise (or both). It’s wonderful simply toasted with butter but you can also use it as sandwich bread.
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A round loaf of Korean cream cheese garlic bread.Insung Jeon/Getty Images

Korea: Cream Cheese Garlic Bread

A popular Korean street food, cream cheese garlic bread is a round yeast loaf stuffed with a garlic cream cheese filling and topped with herbs. This recipe comes from blogger and YouTube star Chua Zong Han of the baking blog TheZongHan.

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Denmark: Julekage

Julekake or julekage is a rich, sweet bread packed with dried fruit and cardamom. It’s a staple in Scandinavian households during the winter holidays.
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Russia: Krendl

A Russian holiday bread, krendl is usually reserved for Christmas. This pretzel-shaped sweet bread is stuffed with dried fruits and makes an enticing centerpiece for any celebration.
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United States: Sourdough

Sourdough bread is unique because it makes use of naturally occurring yeast to achieve its rise. Varieties exist in many countries, but San Francisco has proven itself as the source of some of the best tangy-flavored bread in the world. You’ll need a starter in order to make it, but you can make your own with our sourdough starter recipe.
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A loaf of homemade ciabatta bread.April Preisler for Taste of Home

Italy: Ciabatta

Ciabatta bread is a type of Italian loaf that’s great for making sandwiches or dipping in hearty soups. This recipe starts with biga, which is similar to a sourdough starter. For a slightly faster recipe, try our No-Knead Ciabatta.

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Sweden: Tea Ring

The variations of Swedish tea rings are endless, and each is as delicious as the next. Whether they’re filled with dried fruit, spices, jam or cream cheese, they’re the perfect brunch treat.
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Germany: Pretzels

While the true origin of the pretzel is unknown, many stories exist to tie pretzels to Germany. Regardless of where they were created, we’re glad they were—the salty twisted treats are an amazing snack.
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Eastern Europe: Rye Bread

Countries around the world have their own versions of rye bread. It’s been around since the Middle Ages, thanks to rye’s ability to grow in poor soil and through droughts. It’s a wonderful sandwich bread. After all, a Reuben sandwich isn’t a Reuben without rye bread!
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India: Chapati

Chapati is an Indian flatbread with some similarities to naan, but it’s rolled out much more thinly and baked on a flat griddle instead of in a tandoor. No matter what kind of Indian bread you’re making, these Indian cooking tools will help.
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Mexico: Tortillas

Those in the U.S. are no strangers to Mexican tortillas, which are very thin breads made from either corn or flour. They’re key components in everything from tacos to enchiladas to Americanized pinwheel sandwiches. If you need more ideas for how to use them, try these recipes that use flour tortillas.
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Italy: Ciambella

If the more well-known panettone isn’t your thing, try this version of Italian sweet bread. Ciambella is basic but quite satisfying—especially when dunked in white wine or coffee!
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Poland: Paska

This rich bread—bolstered by eggs, milk and butter—was traditionally made in Poland to celebrate the end of Lenten fasting. Here’s how to make Polish Easter bread step by step.
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United Kingdom: English Muffins

In the U.K., they drop “English” off the name, but the nooks and crannies stay the same. English muffins are similar to crumpets, another classic British bread.
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France: French Bread

France is known for its delicious bread, including these classic French loaves. Here’s how to make French bread.
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United States: Cornbread

Cornbread is a staple in the American South and is perfect for absorbing butter. While the traditional version has little to no sweetener, more modern versions add honey, sugar or even agave. For other variations of both sweet and savory cornbread, try our favorite cornbread recipes.
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Italy: Pane di Pasqua

Pane di Pasqua (or Italian Easter bread) is as beautiful as it is delicious. The unique shape and decorations combined with flavors of orange and anise make it perfectly suited for a holiday celebration.
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France: Socca

Socca is a traditional flatbread from Nice, France. It’s a common street food, cooked on a grill and served in a paper cone, usually chopped and sprinkled with salt, pepper or other toppings. Since it’s made with chickpea flour, it’s gluten-free. Check out our other healthy bread recipes.
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Eastern Europe: Challah

Challah is a Jewish bread that’s eaten weekly on Shabbat and annually on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish new year. If you have leftovers, it makes amazing French toast or challah bread pudding.

Grace Mannon
Grace is a full-time mom with a Master's degree in Food Science. She loves to experiment in the kitchen and writes about her hits (and misses) on her blog, A Southern Grace.
Teddy Nykiel
Teddy is an associate digital editor at Taste of Home specializing in SEO strategy. As a home cook herself, she loves finding inspiration at the farmer's market. She also enjoys doing any sport that involves water and taking long walks with her black lab mix, Berkeley.