Cook pasta according to package directions. Meanwhile, trim 1/2 in. off from broccoli rabe stems; discard any coarse or damaged leaves. Rinse broccoli rabe in cold water and cut into 2-in. pieces; set aside.
In a large skillet, cook bacon over medium heat until crisp. Using a slotted spoon, remove to paper towels; drain, reserving 1 tablespoon drippings. Drain pasta, reserving 1 cup cooking liquid; set aside.
In the bacon drippings, cook and stir garbanzo beans until lightly browned. Stir in tomatoes and garlic. Add the broccoli rabe, salt, pepper and 1/2 cup reserved cooking liquid. Bring to a boil.
Reduce heat; cover and simmer for 3-5 minutes or until broccoli rabe is tender. Stir in the pasta, bacon and enough remaining cooking liquid to moisten the pasta. Sprinkle with Parmesan cheese.